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1st Grade

Language Arts and Reading

English Language Arts:

First grade students independently interact with literature or informational text by asking and answering questions and identifying details and main events. They can read aloud accurately and with expression. First grade students can print all letters and can write about events, topics, and opinions. 

sk and answer questions about details in a reading selection
etell stories, including details
xplain the differences between books that tell stories and books that give information
ith prompting and support, read first grade informational texts

Reading: foundational Skills
nderstand the organization and basic features of print
ecognize features of a sentence (Capitalization, Ending punctuation)
nderstand spoken words, syllables, and sounds
nderstand phonics and word analysis
now that every syllable must have a vowel sound
ead regularly spelled one- and two-syllable words
ead aloud with accuracy and expression

rite opinion pieces that include an opinion and the reason for the opinion
rite informative pieces that name a topic, supply facts, and provide closure
rite narratives about two or more events in the correct order; include details

Speaking and Listening
ollow rules for discussions by building on what others are saying and by asking questions
Follow simple two-step directions
peak in complete sentences

se correct grammar
rint all uppercase and lowercase letters
se correct capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
etermine meaning of unknown words by looking at parts of the word and other words in the sentence
Sort words into categories and define words by key attributes (A tiger is a large cat with stripes



Texts illustrating the complexity, quality, and range of student reading:
"Mix a Pancake"
 by Christina G. Rossetti

Mr. Popper's Penguins by Richard Atwater (read-aloud*)
Little Bear by Eloise Holmelund Minarik, illust. by Maurice Sendak 

Frog and Toad Together by Arnold Lobel 

Hi! Fly Guy by Tedd Arnold
Informational Texts:
A Tree Is a Plant by Clyde Robert Bulla, Illustrated by Stacey Schuett (read-along**)
Starfish by Edith Thacher Hurd
Follow the Water from Brook to Ocean by Arthur Dorros (read-along**)
From Seed to Pumpkin by Wendy Pfeffer, illust. by James Graham Hale 
How People Learned to Fly by Fran Hodgkins and True Kelley 
Sight Words learned in 1st Grade
  • Topic 2:  Five, hour, in, once, three, two, upon, what, do for, is, me, my, said, you, I, are, away, does, he, like, pull, they, where.
  • Topic 3:  Animal, bird, cold, fall, flower, full, look, of, see, all, call, eat, every, first, never, paper, shall, why, also, blue, brown, color, funny, green, like, many, some.
  • Topic 4:  Come, children, family, father, love, mother, people, picture, your, play, friend, girl, she, read, sing, today, write, know, car, down, walk, hear, hold, hurt, learn, their, would.
  • Topic 5: Grow, light, long, more, other, right, room, these, small, could, house, how, over, own, so, world, give, good, her, little, try, was, fly, our.
  • Topic 6: Morning, found, shout, by, out, show, climb, cow, table, now, door, there, through, horse, wall.
  • Topic 7:  Again, both, gone, or, want, turn, hard, afraid, any, bear, follow, most, tall, water, idea, old, under, piece, start, build, very, wear, shoe.
  • Topic 8:  About, because, draw, happy, teacher, part, tiny, always, eight, arms, seven, warm, ready, body, carry, kind, put, saw, butter, were, work, person.
  • Topic 9: After, dance, else, open, talk, ever, though, ocean, after, before, buy, pretty, school, done, off, wash, only, together, watched, baby, edge, enough, garden, sharp.
  • Topic 10: Began, laugh, sure, head, divide, second, break above, against, already, caught, begin, minute, able, eye, present, thoughts.


First grade students extend their understanding of addition and subtraction by learning to use adding and subtracting to solve word problems within 20.  They understand the meaning of the equal sign and are expected to count to 120.  Place value knowledge is deepened and students use this knowledge to compare two-digit numbers within 100.  Students practice their measurement skills with linear measurement and begin to organize data from surveys.  Students also tell and write time in hours and half-hours using analog and digital clocks.

Solve addition and subtraction word problems within 20
nderstand the relationship between addition and subtraction
pply the properties of operations:
ommutative property of addition: If you know 8 + 3 = 11, then you know 3 + 8 = 11
ssociative property of addition: To add 2 + 6 + 4, the second two numbers can    be added to make a ten, so 2 + 6 + 4 = 2 + 10 = 12
dd and subtract within 20
ount to 120, starting at any number
nderstand the meaning of the equal sign
nderstand place value: ones, tens
se place value to add and subtract within 100
easure lengths and tell the measurement in units
ell and write time
uild and talk about a graph
ompare shapes by talking about sides, vertices, etc.
ompare two-dimensional shapes to three-dimensional shapes