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2nd Grade

Language Arts and Reading

English Language Arts:

Second grade students accurately read and understand literature and informational text. They use correct grammar, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling. They can plan and deliver a presentation about a story or experience.

Reading
R
etell folktales, including a central lesson
E
xplain how the author uses reasons to support specific points in a text
I
dentify the main topic and focus
R
ead and understand literature and informational texts

Reading: Foundational Skills
K
now and use phonics and word analysis skills
R
ead words with common prefixes and suffixes (e.g., re_, un_, _less)
D
istinguish long and short vowels
R
ead regularly spelled two-syllable words with long vowels
R
ead accurately and with understanding

Writing
W
rite opinion pieces that connect the opinion and reasons using linking words (because, and, also)
W
rite informative pieces that provide a topic, facts, definitions, and a conclusion
W
rite narrative pieces that include details to describe actions, thoughts, and feelings
P
roduce writing that is developed, focused, and organized
W
rite routinely over extended time frames and shorter time frames

Speaking and Listening
P
articipate in conversations with peers and adults in small and larger groups
R
ecall and describe key ideas and details from something read aloud
G
ive and follow three- and four-step oral directions
P
lan and deliver a presentation about a story or experience

Language
U
se correct grammar
C
reate readable documents with legible print
U
se correct capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
U
se a variety of methods to determine word meaning
Use individual words to determine the meaning of compound words, which are two words joined to form a new word (table and cloth = table cloth; birth and day = birthday)
 

Texts illustrating the complexity, quality, and range of student reading (these two lists apply to both 2nd and 3rd grade):
Literature:
"Who Has Seen the Wind?" by Christina G. Rossetti
Charlotte's Web by E.B. White (read-aloud*)
Sarah, Plain and Tall by Patricia MacLachlan
Tops and Bottoms by Janet Stevens
Poppleton in Winter by Cynthia Rylant, illustrated by Mark Teague

Informational Texts:
A Medieval Feast by Aliki

From Seed to Plant by Gail Gibbons
The Story of Ruby Bridges by Robert Coles (read-aloud*)
A drop of Water: A Book of Science and Wonder by Walter Wick

Moonshot: The Flight of Apollo 11 by Brian Floca

Mathematics

Math:

Second grade students use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve word problems and are expected to know from memory all sums of two one-digit numbers by the end of second grade.  Place value understanding is extended to 1000 and students compare three digit numbers based on their knowledge of hundreds, tens and ones.  Second grade students compute with money and learn to estimate and compare lengths using appropriate measurement tools.  Second graders refine their understanding of geometry by drawing shapes based on the number of faces and angles.

Solve addition and subtraction word problems within 100
F
luently add and subtract within 20
K
now all sums of two one-digit numbers
U
nderstand place value: ones, tens, and hundreds
U
se place value to add and subtract within 1000
M
ake reasonable estimates using place value knowledge
M
easure, estimate, and compare lengths in standard units
R
epresent whole number lengths on a number line
W
ork with time and money
K
now relationships of time (minutes in an hour, days in a month, etc.)
S
olve word problems using combinations of dollar bills and coins
C
ollect data, build a graph, and answer questions about the data presented
R
ecognize shapes, triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and cubes
D
raw shapes by size of the angles or by the number of equal faces