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5th Grade

Language Arts and Reading

English Language Arts:

Fifth grade students build on their ability to read longer words, using roots, prefixes, and suffixes to determine the meaning of unknown words. Students explain how an author supports points in a text. They use quotes accurately when referring to the text. Students keep the audience in mind and include a clear sequence of events when writing. Students listen to a speaker or media source and identify reasons and evidence provided to support particular points. They identify and discuss misleading ideas.

Reading
Q
uote accurately when referring to text
D
etermine the main ideas and summarize the text
C
ompare and contrast texts
E
xplain how an author uses reason or evidence to support points in a text

Reading: Foundational Skills
U
se grade-level phonics and word analysis skills (roots, prefixes, and suffixes)
R
ead with accuracy and fluency

Writing
W
rite opinion pieces that support a point of view with reasons and information
W
rite informative texts that share ideas and information
W
rite narratives that use related descriptive details and a clear sequences of events
W
rite clearly and with a purpose; keep the audience in mind
U
se technology to publish writing; type two pages in a single sitting

Speaking and Listening
S
ummarize information presented
I
dentify reasons and evidence a speaker or media source provides to support particular points
I
dentify and discuss misleading ideas
P
lan and deliver a speech
D
eliver a memorized poem or section of a speech
U
se expression and gestures

Language
U
se correct grammar
U
se verb tenses correctly (Yesterday I walked; Today I walk; Tomorrow I will walk)
U
se correct capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
U
se punctuation to separate items in a series/list
U
se underlining, quotation marks, or italics in a title
V
ary sentence length and style
C
ompare and contrast styles used in literature
U
se a variety of methods to determine the meaning of an unknown word

Texts illustrating the complexity, quality, and range of student reading (these two lists apply to both 4th and 5th grade):
Literature:
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll
"Casey at the Bat" by Ernest Lawrence Thayer
The Black Stallion by Walter Farley
"Zlateh the Goat" by Isaac Bashvis Singer
Where the Mountain Meets the Moon by Grace Lin

Informational Texts:
Discovering Mars: The Amazing Story of the Red Planet by Melvin Berger
Hurricanes: Earth's Mightiest Storms by Patricia Lauber
A History of US by Joy Hakim
Horses by Seymour Simon
Quest of the Tree Kangaroo:  An Expedition to the Cloud Forest of New Guinea by Sy Montgomery

 

Mathematics

Math:

Fifth grade students finalize fluency with multi-digit addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.  They apply their understanding of fractions to the addition and subtraction of fractions with unlike denominators, the concept of fraction multiplication and division, and decimal addition and subtraction.  They analyze numeric patterns and relationships and graph ordered pairs on a coordinate plane.  Students build on their understanding of geometry by recognizing attributes of geometrical shapes and calculating inside angle measurement and area of triangles and parallelograms.

Write and interpret numerical expressions using parentheses, brackets, or braces
    
Add 8 and 7, then multiply by 2” is 2(8 + 7)
E
xpress a whole number (2 – 50) as a product of its prime factors
D
escribe more complex patterns by seeing the change
    (4, 10, 16, 22, 28, 34, 40, 46, 52,... are formed by adding +6)
U
nderstand the place value system from thousandths to millions
F
luently multiply multi-digit numbers using the standard algorithm
D
ivide multi-digit numbers by two-digit divisors
R
ead, write, and compare decimals to the thousandths
R
ound decimals to any place
C
ompute with multi-digit whole numbers and numbers with decimals to the hundredths
A
dd and subtract fractions with unlike denominators
M
ultiply fractions and mixed numbers
D
ivide unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions
C
onvert measurements and use in problem solving ( 0.05 m = 5 cm or 2.5 feet = 30")
Organize and explain data using a line plot
U
nderstand and find the volume of rectangular prisms
A
nalyze number patterns
G
raph points on a coordinate graph
S
how a graph with an x and y axis with several points labeled by their coordinates
S
ort two-dimensional shapes into categories based on their properties