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4th Grade

Language Arts and Reading

English Language Arts:

Fourth grade students read longer words and use roots, prefixes, and suffixes to determine the meanings of unknown words. They use details and examples in the text to determine the main idea and describe a character, setting, or event. Students produce writing that is developed, focused, organized, and editedThey group related ideas in paragraphs and sections, and provide a conclusion. Fourth grade students know when to use formal English, and when informal English is appropriate.

Reading
U
se details and examples in the text to determine the main idea and describe a character, setting, or event
U
se first person (e.g., I said) and third person (e.g., She said) narrative styles
R
ead and understand literature and informational texts

Reading: Foundational Skills
U
se grade-level phonics and word analysis skills (roots, prefixes, and suffixes)
R
ead words with multiple syllables
R
ead with accuracy and understanding

Writing
W
rite opinion pieces that include a conclusion related to the opinion
W
rite informative pieces that group related ideas in paragraphs and sections, and provide a conclusion
W
rite narratives that introduce a narrator and characters; write about what the characters say, feel, and think; use sensory details (sight, sound, scent)
P
roduce writing that is developed, focused, organized, and edited
W
rite a short research piece

Speaking and Listening
P
articipate in discussions, carrying out assigned roles
P
araphrase portions of information presented aloud
P
lan and deliver a presentation based on a personal experience
S
peak clearly, in complete sentences, and at an appropriate pace

Language
U
se correct grammar
U
se complete sentences
C
orrectly use frequently confused words (to, two, too; there, their, they’re)
U
se correct capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
S
pell grade-level words correctly
K
now when to use formal English and when informal English is appropriate
 

Texts illustrating the complexity, quality, and range of student reading (these two lists apply to both 4th and 5th grade):
Literature:
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll
"Casey at the Bat" by Ernest Lawrence Thayer
The Black Stallion by Walter Farley
"Zlateh the Goat" by Isaac Bashvis Singer
Where the Mountain Meets the Moon by Grace Lin

Informational Texts:
Discovering Mars: The Amazing Story of the Red Planet by Melvin Berger

Hurricanes: Earth's Mightiest Storms by Patricia Lauber
A History of US by Joy Hakim
Horses by Seymour Simon
Quest of the Tree Kangaroo:  An Expedition to the Cloud Forest of New Guinea by Sy Montgomery

Mathematics

Math:

Fourth graders use their knowledge of place value to generalize to 1,000,000 and learn to round multi-digit whole numbers to any place.  They fluently add and subtract using the standard algorithm and multiply and divide with multi-digit numbers.  Fourth graders extend understanding of fractions to include equivalence, ordering and simple decimal notation.  Students measure angles and classify geometric shapes by lines (parallel, perpendicular, etc.) and angles (right, acute, obtuse, etc.).

Use addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division with whole numbers to solve word problems
L
earn about factors and multiples
    F
actors of 24: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12
    M
ultiples of 4:  4, 8, 12, 16, 20
M
ake and describe patterns with objects and numbers
U
nderstand and use place value to generalize to 1,000,000
    E
xpanded form:  6783 = 6000 + 700 + 80 + 3
C
ompute with multi-digit numbers
S
olve problems involving using multiplication of multi-digit by two-digit numbers
D
ivide multi-digit numbers by one-digit divisor
R
ound multi-digit numbers to any place
B
uild understanding of equivalent fractions and ordering fractions
C
ompare two fractions with different numerators and different denominators by making common denominators
A
dd and subtract fractions and mixed numbers with like denominators
U
nderstand the decimal notation for fractions
C
ompare decimals
S
olve problems using measurement conversions
A
pply area and perimeter formulas for rectangles
O
rganize and explain data using a line plot
U
nderstand and measure angles
D
raw and identify lines and angles
D
escribe and sort shapes by their lines and angles        
Recognize lines of symmetry