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3rd Grade

Language Arts and Reading

English Language Arts:

Third grade students interact with literature and informational text by comparing and contrasting stories, discussing a point of view and comparing it with the author’s, and describing a series of events, ideas, or concepts. Along with their reading, third grade writing is more sophisticated. Students produce developed, focused, organized, and edited work. In writing informational pieces, they include charts or graphs and supply facts.

Reading
D
escribe how characters’ actions contribute to the events
C
ompare and contrast stories
I
ndependently read and understand grade-level literature
D
escribe a series of events, ideas, or concepts
D
iscuss a point of view and compare it to that of the author

Reading: Foundational Skills
U
se grade-level phonics and word analysis skills
R
ead words with multiple syllables, e.g., mosquito, puppeteer
K
now the meanings of most common prefixes and suffixes
R
ead accurately and with understanding

Writing
W
rite opinion pieces that include a chart or graph and list reasons that support the opinion.
W
rite informative pieces that name the topic, supply facts, and use linking words and phrases
W
rite narrative pieces that introduce a narrator and characters, and write about what the characters say, think, and feel
P
roduce writing that is developed, focused, organized, and edited

Speaking and Listening
F
ollow rules for discussions by building on what others are saying
R
ecall ideas and details from something read aloud
P
lan and deliver an informative presentation
S
peak clearly and in complete sentences

Language
U
se correct grammar
W
rite legibly in cursive or joined italics; use margins and spacing
C
hoose words and phrases for effect
U
se a variety of sentence types
C
apitalize appropriate words
C
orrectly add suffixes to base words (sitting, smiled, cries)
R
ecognize the differences between spoken and written standard English

Texts illustrating the complexity, quality, and range of student reading (these two lists apply to both 2nd and 3rd grade):
Literature:
"Who Has Seen the Wind?" by Christina G. Rossetti
Charlotte's Web by E.B. White (read-aloud*)
Sarah, Plain and Tall by Patricia MacLachlan
Tops and Bottoms by Janet Stevens
Poppleton in Winter by Cynthia Rylant, illustrated by Mark Teague

Informational Texts:
A Medieval Feast by Aliki

From Seed to Plant by Gail Gibbons
The Story of Ruby Bridges by Robert Coles (read-aloud*)
A drop of Water: A Book of Science and Wonder by Walter Wick

Moonshot: The Flight of Apollo 11 by Brian Floca

Mathematics

Math:

Third grade students develop an understanding of multiplication and division and learn to fluently multiply and divide within 100.  Students are expected to know from memory all products of two one-digit numbers by the end of third grade.   Place value understanding is used for multi-digit computation and estimation.  Fractions are introduced in the third grade with an emphasis on understanding fractions as numbers and their relative size and placement on the number line.  In third grade students understand concepts of area and perimeter and solve problems using liquid volume and mass.

Solve multiplication and division word problems
U
nderstand the properties of multiplication
    C
ommutative property of multiplication:
    I
f you know 6 x 4 = 24, then you know 4 x 6 = 24.    

    Associative property of multiplication:
    3
 x 5 x 2 can be found by 3 x 5 = 15, then 15 x 2 = 30,
        o
r by 5 x 2 = 10, then 3 x 10 = 30

    Distributive property of multiplication:
    
If 8 x 5 = 40
    a
nd 8 x 2 = 16,
    
then 8 x 7 is:
    
8 x (5 + 2)
    
(8 x 5) + (8 x 2)
    
40 + 16 = 56.

Fluently multiply and divide within 100
K
now all products of two one-digit numbers
S
olve word problems with addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
U
nderstand that multiplication and division are related
U
se place value to round numbers and know the value of each digit in a four-digit number
U
se place value understanding to solve multi-digit arithmetic
U
nderstand fractions as numbers
R
ecognize simple equivalent fractions
C
ompare two fractions with the same numerator or the same denominator
T
ell and write time to the nearest minute
E
stimate and measure time, volume, and weight
U
nderstand area and perimeter
U
nderstand that shapes in different categories can also be in a larger category
    (Rhombus, square, rectangle - all sides are congruent, all angles are congruent.)